UN Sustainable Development Goals

Two broad themes Climate Change and Nature and Biodiversity are recommended to serve as pathways for schools to work through the seven-step process. These themes were chosen for their relevance to Singapore as a whole. However, through the school's environmental review, each school can narrow their focus to topics under these themes that are most relevant to them and their immediate community. 
Here are some UN SDGs that could help narrow your school's focus to a relevant topic.

SDG13 Climate Action

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SDG 13 Climate Action
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There is no country in the world that is not experiencing first-hand the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continue to rise, and are now more than 50 percent higher than their 1990 level.


If left unchecked, climate change will undo a lot of the progress made over the past years in development. It can also exacerbate, as we are already seeing, current threats such as food and water scarcity, which can lead to conflict. Doing nothing will end up costing us a lot more than if we take actions now that will lead to more jobs, greater prosperity, and better lives for all while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and building climate resilience.

We can definitely address climate change, but we have to vastly increase our efforts. The world must transform its energy, industry, transport, food, agriculture and forestry systems to ensure that we can limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees, maybe even 1.5. We also need to anticipate, adapt and become resilient to the current and future impacts of climate change

SDG12 Responsible Consumption and Production

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SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production
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There are many aspects of consumption that with simple changes can have a big impact on society as a whole.  For example, according to the UN, each year about one third of all food produced— equivalent to 1.3 billion tonnes worth around $1 trillion—ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers, or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices, something that businesses need to address.

There are two main ways to help: 1. Reducing your waste and 2. Being thoughtful about what you buy and choosing a sustainable option whenever possible.

Reducing our waste can be done in many ways, from ensuring you don’t throw away food to reducing your consumption of plastic— one of the main pollutants of the ocean. Carrying a reusable bag, refusing to use plastic straws, and recycling plastic bottles are good ways to do your part every day. Making informed purchases about what we’re buying also helps. 

SDG11 Sustainable Cities and Communities

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SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities
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Half of humanity—3.5 billion people—live in cities today, and this number will continue to grow. Singapore is a prime example of urban living. Because the future will be urban for a majority of people in the world, the solutions to some of the greatest issues facing humans— poverty, climate change, food, transport — must be found in city life.
The levels of urban energy consumption and pollution are also worrying. Cities occupy just 3 per cent of the Earth’s land, but account for 60-80 per cent of energy consumption and 75 percent of carbon emissions. 
Take an active interest in the governance and management of your neighbourhood. Take notice of what works, and what doesn’t in your community. Advocate for the kind of neighbourhood you believe you need. Develop a vision for your building, street, and neighbourhood, and act on that vision. 
How far is the nearest public transport? What’s the air quality like? What are your shared public spaces like? The better the conditions you create in your community, the greater the effect on quality of life.

SDG15 Life on Land

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SDG 15 Life on Land
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Forests cover nearly 31 per cent of our planet’s land area. From the air we breathe, to the water we drink, to the food we eat–forests sustain us. Think about it. Around 1.6 billion people depend on adaptation and disaster risk reduction strategies as they can deliver benefits that will increase the resilience of people to the impacts of climate change. Forests and nature are also important for recreation and mental well-being. In many cultures, natural landscapes are closely linked to spiritual values, religious beliefs and traditional teachings.

Inevitably, we change the ecosystems we are a part of through our presence–but we can make choices that either affirm diversity or devalue it. Some things we can do to help include recycling, eating a locally-based diet that is sustainably sourced, consuming only what we need, and limiting energy usage through efficient heating and cooling systems. 

We must also be respectful toward wildlife and only take part in ecotourism opportunities that are responsibly and ethically run in order to prevent wildlife disturbance. Well-managed protected areas support healthy ecosystems, which in turn keep people healthy. It is therefore critical to secure the involvement of the local communities in the development and management of these protected areas.

SDG 14 Life below Water

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SDG 14 Life bleow Water
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Oceans provide key natural resources including food, medicines, biofuels and other products. They help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollution, and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. Maintaining healthy oceans supports climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. And have you been to the seaside? It’s also a great place for tourism and recreation. 
On a local level, we should make ocean-friendly choices when buying products or eating food derived from oceans and consume only what we need. Selecting certified products is a good place to start. Making small changes in our daily lives, like taking public transport and unplugging electronics saves energy. These actions reduce our carbon footprint, a factor that contributes to rising sea levels. 
We should eliminate plastic usage as much as possible and organize beach clean-ups. Most importantly, we can spread the message about how important marine life is and why we need to protect it.